Anniversaries 20172018-01-02T10:44:29+00:00

2017 Anniversaries 

350th anniversary

1667 — –         Andrew Yarranton completes improvements to make Worcestershire Stour navigable.

300th anniversaries

1717 — –         Horse post introduced between Edinburgh, Glasgow and points north.

1717 approx  River Tone opened to navigation.

250th anniversaries

1767 May 31  Birth of Edward Pease, promoter of Stockton & Darlington Rly, Darlington (d. 1858).

1767 Nov 13  First known iron (plate) rails cast in Coalbrookdale by Richard Reynolds.

1767              Navigation acts obtained for Ancholme, Driffield, Lee, Yorkshire Ouse, Ripon Canal and Ure; Stockton & Darlington Canal surveyed.


1817 May 26  Royal Canal completed throughout from Dublin to the Shannon at Tarmonbarry.

1817 May 31  First stone of new pier at Dunleary laid.

1817 Jun 18   Waterloo Bridge opened across Thames in London as a toll bridge (John Rennie snr, engineer).

1817 Jun 27   Union Canal (Scotland) authorised.

1817 Jul  1     Birth of Robert Sinclair, locomotive engineer, London (d. 1898).

1817 Jul  7     Portsmouth & Arundel Canal authorised.

1817 Jul 15    Birth of John Fowler, civil engineer, Wadsley (d. 1898).

1817 Jul 22    Windham Sadler crosses the Irish Sea by hot air balloon, landing near Holyhead.

1817 Smr –     David Napier’s Marion (1816) becomes the first steamer on Loch Lomond.

1817 Nov  5   Black Ball Line of New York introduces a regular service of Western Ocean Packets to Liverpool.

1817 — –         Dingwall Canal completed.

1817 — –         Invergordon and Inverbreakie ferry piers built (Thomas Telford, engineer).

1817 — –         Corsewall Lighthouse on the rhins of Galloway first illuminated (Robert Stevenson, engineer).

1817 approx  Britain’s longest tramroad tunnel is opened at Pwll du near Blaenavon, more than a mile (2400 m) in length. Begun as a mineral adit, at this time it carries a horse-drawn double-track plateway of approx 2 ft (60 cm) gauge carrying material for Blaenavon Ironworks; in Smr 1818 it will be incorporated in Thomas Hill’s tramroad connecting to the Monmouthshire & Brecon Canal.

1817 approx  Kilmarnock & Troon Rly introduces into service The Duke, the first steam locomotive on a railway in Scotland.

175th anniversaries

1842 Jan  2    Railway Clearing House begins operation.

1842 Jan  3    Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. begins first transatlantic sailings, out of Falmouth: PS Thames to British Guiana and Halifax, Nova Scotia, and PS Tay to Barbados.

1842 Feb  5   Durham & Sunderland Rly opened.

1842 Feb 21   Edinburgh & Glasgow Rly (Haymarket–Queen Street) opened.

1842 Mar 31   Middleton Juncn & Oldham Branch Rly opens to Oldham Werneth.

1842 May  8   Versailles (Meudon) rail accident, France: derailment (due to locomotive axle failure) and fire in locked carriages (52–200 killed).

1842 May 24  Chard Canal opens.

1842 May 26  SER opens to Tonbridge via Redhill (extends Aug to Headcorn; Dec 1 to Ashford).

1842 Jun 13   Queen Victoria makes the first rail journey by a reigning British monarch, on GWR Slough–Paddington (first by any reigning monarch was Jan 24 by Frederick William IV of Prussia).

1842 Jun –     Rebecca Riots in Wales, directed at turnpike gates, resume.

1842 Jul  1     Bristol & Exeter Rly extended to Taunton.

1842 Sep –     Robert Davidson’s experimental battery-electric locomotive Galvani is demonstrated on the Edinburgh & Glasgow Rly.

1842 Dec  7   Birth of George Whale, CME, L&NWR, Bocking (d. 1910).


1867 Feb  1   Midland Rly opens Miller’s Dale–New Mills to passengers.

1867 Feb  4   Stonehouse & Nailsworth Rly opens worked by Midland Rly.

1867 Feb  7   Death of William Dargan, Irish railway contractor, Dublin (b. 1799).

1867 Mar  1   Caledonian Rly opens Carstairs–Dolphinton.

1867 Mar  1   West Cornwall Rly adds broad gauge rails permitting through passenger carriages Penzance–Paddington.

1867 Mar 11   LB&SCR opens Leatherhead–Dorking (new Leatherhead station Mar 4; Dorking–Horsham May 1).

1867 Mar 11   L&NWR Central Wales line extended Builth Road–Garth; May 6 Garth–Llanwrtyd.

1867 Apr  2    GER opens Mellis–Eye branch.

1867 Apr 15   GNR open Honington–Lincoln.

1867 Apr 15   Midland Rly opens Worth Valley branch Keighley–Haworth–Oxenhope.

1867 Apr 18   Bristol & Portishead Pier & Rly opens on the broad gauge worked by Bristol & Exeter Rly.

1867 May  1   Bradford Canal temporarily closed for draining as a public health hazard.

1867 May 17  Tendring Hundred Rly extended Kirby Cross–Walton-on-Naze worked by GER.

1867 Jun  3    Cambrian Rlys opens Barmouth Bridge (with services horse drawn until Oct 10).

1867 Jun  3    Anglesey Central Rly Amlwch branch opens.

1867 Jun  3    Neath & Brecon Rly opens throughout.

1867 Jun  6    Furness & Midland Jt Rly opens Carnforth–Wennington to passengers (Oct 10 to goods).

1867 Jun 29   L&NWR Walton Juncn accident, Warrington: express collides in rear with shunting coal train due to pointsman’s negligence (8 killed).

1867 Jul  1     North Staffordshire Rly opens Milton Juncn–Leek Brook Juncn.

1867 Jul  2     GER enters receivership.

1867 Jul 15    GNR opens Gainsborough–Doncaster (Black Carr Juncn) to passengers (Jul 1 to goods).

1867 Aug  1   Brecon & Merthyr Rly opens Pant–Dowlais Top & Pontsticill–Cefn.

1867 Aug  9   Stamford & Essendine Rly opens Stamford (East)–Wansford (Sibson).

1867 Aug 12  Manchester & Milford Rly opens Strata Florida–Aberystwyth.

1867 Aug 14  Cambrian Rlys opens Dovey deviation Glandovey Juncn–Aberdovey.

1867 Aug 22  GNR opens Seven Sisters Road–Edgware.

1867 Sep  2   Carnarvonshire Rly opens throughout (having on Jul 25 legally absorbed the Nantlle Rly).

1867 Sep  2   GNR opens Spalding–March to passengers (Apr 1 to goods).

1867 Sep  9   Midland Rly opens Bedford–St Pancras to goods.

1867 Oct  1    Midland Rly opens Duffield–Wirksworth to passengers (prob. Jun 16 to goods).

1867 Oct  1    Mawddwy Rly opens.

1867 Oct 10   Cambrian Rlys opens Barmouth Juncn–Pwllheli.

1867 Oct 16   GWR opens Wellington–Market Drayton.

1867 Oct 27   Sailing ship Earl of Chester wrecked off Rhosneigr (14 killed).

1867 Dec  2   NER opens Scotswood–Consett to passengers (Jun 18 to goods).

1867 Dec 14  Llanelly Rly opens Gower Road– Swansea (Victoria).

1867 Dec 16  Wenlock Rly opens Presthope–Marsh Farm Juncn.

1867 Dec 23  Stafford & Uttoxeter Rly opens to passengers (prob. Dec 10 to goods).

1867 approx  Kidwelly & Llanelly and Kymer’s Canals closed for conversion to railway.

1867 — –         Grand Western Canal Somerset section closed by Bristol & Exeter Rly.

125th anniversaries

!892 Jan 11    Mersey Rly extends James Street–Central in tunnel.

1892 Mar  7   GWR introduces first British corridor trains, on Paddington–Birkenhead services (though passengers are not at first permitted through access).

1892 May 20  GWR runs last broad gauge train (9.10pm ECS ex Penzance, 1256 and 3557) and over following 2 days converts all remaining 171 route miles (275 km) of wholly broad gauge track to standard gauge.

1892 Jun  2    Death of James Brunlees, railway engineer, Wimbledon (b. 1816).

1892 Jun 28   Great Northern & City Rly incorporated.

1892 Jul 18    Death of Thomas Cook, pioneer travel agent, Bergen (b. 1808).

1892 Sep  1   Metropolitan Rly extended to Aylesbury (temporary terminus).

1892 Nov  2   NER Manor House collision: express collides in rear with stationary freight train due to error by exhausted signalman (10 killed).

1892 Nov 11  L&SWR takes over Southampton Dock Co.


1917 Jan  1    Railway fares increase by 50% to 1½d/mile; special weekend fares withdrawn; restrictions on passenger services; many stations closed temporarily; slip coaches withdrawn.

1917 Jan  1    (wef) Wartime rail closures: SECR Greenwich Park branch; L&SWR Basingstoke & Alton Light Rly (temporarily; track requisitioned); and MR Sutton-in-Ashfield branch (temporarily, passenger services).

1917 Jan  2    Railway-owned open and coal wagons become de facto common user.

1917 Jan  3    North British Rly Ratho accident: express collides with light engine due to failure of hand signals in stormy conditions (12 killed).

1917 Jan 25   Armed merchantman SS Laurentic sunk by mines off Lough Swilly (354 killed).

1917 Feb  1   Germany declares unrestricted U-boat warfare.

1917 Feb  7   Liner SS California, homeward bound for Glasgow from New York, is torpedoed and sunk by U-85 approaching Ireland (41 killed, c. 162 survivors).

1917 Feb 15   First regular through running of Naval Special (the “Misery”) Euston–Thurso.

1917 Mar  1   Board of Trade Canal Control Committee takes control of non-railway-owned waterways.

1917 Mar 28   Bideford, Westward Ho! & Appledore Rly closed and equipment sent for war effort; locomotives being steamed over temporary track on Bideford Bridge Jul 29 for disposal.

1917 Mar –     Railwaymen’s war bonus raised from 10s to 15s, converted from Aug into war wage.

1917 Apr  2    Mansfield Rly opened for passengers to Mansfield Central worked by GCR.

1917 Apr 16   Bakerloo trains extended Willesden Juncn–Watford; LNWR begins electric Watford Juncn–Broad Street service.

1917 Apr 16   GWR opens Ealing & Shepherd’s Bush Rly to freight Ealing Broadway–Wood Lane.

1917 Apr 16   (Apr 3 OS) Lenin arrives at the Finland Station in Petrograd having journeyed from exile in Switzerland in a “sealed train”.

1917 Apr –      Narrow Gauge Railways Ltd reopen Ravenglass & Eskdale Railway on 15 in./381 mm gauge Beckfoot–Boot.

1917 Apr        Peak month for merchant shipping losses to enemy action: 458 ships lost, 425 to U-boats.

1917 Jun 13   Air raid damage to Metropolitan Rly City line.

1917 Aug  4   Russian troops land at Invergordon; sent by rail to Winchester.

1917 Sep 24  L&SWR Bere Ferrers accident: express runs into New Zealand soldiers alighting on the wrong side of a troop train (10 killed).

1917 Sep 25  Air raid on London; start of major (unofficial) use of Underground stations as shelters; on Sep 28 a crush at Liverpool Street kills 1.

1917 Oct  2    Death of William Sykes, railway signalling engineer, Whitstable (b. 1840).

1917 Oct 22   Opening of Trans-Australia Rly.

1917 Oct –      First NBR C class 0-6-0s are allocated for loan to Royal Engineers’ Railway Operating Division in France.

1917 Nov c.   Mansfield Rly Clipstone Camp branch opened for War Office worked by GCR.

1917 Nov –     Railwaymen’s war wage raised from 15s to 21s.

1917 Dec 12  Fréjus Rly (France) Modane (Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne) accident: troop train runs away (due to inadequate braking power), derails and catches fire (at least 543 killed, world’s greatest number of fatalities in a rail accident until at least 1981).

75th anniversaries

1942 Jan c.5  Army coaches loaned to civilian operators.

1942 Jan 26   First train to carry US troops in Europe, LMS NCC Belfast–Londonderry.

1942 Jan –     Bedford OWB/Duple utility coach prototype produced; production models from Jun. 3,300 will be produced to end 1945.

1942 Mar  2   Thomas Cook & Son (travel agents) sold by Custodian of Enemy Property to Hay’s Wharf Cartage, thus coming under control of ‘Big Four’ railway companies.

1942 Mar 31   Prototype Guy Arab utility double-decker produced (first production models to Swindon).

1942 Apr 29   (early) “Baedeker Blitz” on York: LNER station and locomotive shed bombed; A4 4469 Sir Ralph Wedgwood and ex-NER B16 925 are destroyed.

1942 May 25 or 26  Glamorganshire Canal breached at Nantgarw, closing it to traffic above the Cardiff sea lock pound.

1942 May –     Liverpool Corporation introduces Bedford OXC/Dyson-Roe articulated buses for service to Royal Ordnance Factory Kirkby.

1942 May –     Horse-drawn bus service introduced between Limerick and Rathkeale (18 miles (30 km)).

1942 Jun –     First US Army Transportation Corps S100 class 0-6-0T switchers enter service in Britain.

1942 Jun 22   Burma Rly construction begins by forced labour of Allied Prisoners of War and Asian civilians.

1942 Aug  4   (wef) GWR temporarily closes Didcot, Newbury & Southampton line to upgrade for military traffic.

1942 Dec 11  USATC S160 class 2-8-0 1604 is officially handed over on loan to the British government at Paddington station.

1942 Dec –     Ian Allan publishes his first trainspotters’ book, ABC of Southern Locomotives, Staines.

1942 — –         Calder & Hebble Navigation abandons Halifax branch by warrant.

1942 — –         J.F. Pownell publishes his Grand Contour Canal scheme.

1942 — –         South Ford Bridge (82-span concrete) completed South Uist–Benbecula.

1942 — –         Manchester Corporation Wythenshawe bus garage completed and requisitioned by Ministry of Aircraft Production for A.V. Roe.

50th anniversaries

1967 Jan –     Ministry of Transport begins creation of Road Construction Units to design motorway and trunk road network.

1967 Jan  1    BR North Eastern Region absorbed into Eastern Region, with headquarters at York (Gerry Fiennes, chairman and general manager).

1967 Jan  1    Tees and Hartlepool Port Authority takes over from Tees Conservancy Commissioners.

1967 Jan  6    Lambton Staiths, Sunderland, close; NCB steam locomotives cease to run over BR Penshaw branch to reach them.

1967 Feb  2   Crewe Works completes the last BR steam locomotive overhaul at any of its workshops, on Pacific 70013 Oliver Cromwell.

1967 Feb  2   British Air Services formed (from dormant Railway Air Services) as BEA subsidiary to acquire entire share capital of Cambrian Airways and BKS (latter renamed Northeast Airlines 1970).

1967 Feb 20   GPO introduces first postbus, Llanidloes–Llangurig, using Morris Commercial J2 vehicles (final run 5 Aug 2006).

1967 Feb 21   Shell-Mex & BP introduce 100 t glw bogie oil rail tank wagons built by Metro-Cammell.

1967 Feb 21   BR retires last shunting horse, ‘Charlie’, from Newmarket (dies in retirement in Somerset 29 Oct 1968).

1967 Feb 28   BR Stechford accident, LMR: EMU collides with locomotive making unauthorised shunt move (9 killed).

1967 Feb 28   BR tickets at Birmingham New Street station can be purchased using Barclaycard credit cards.

1967 Mar –     BR Freightliner depots opened to independent road hauliers.

1967 Mar –     Leyland Motor Corporation takes over Rover.

1967 Mar –     Star grading of petrol.

1967 Mar 1–9 CIÉ remodels layout at Limerick Junction to eliminate need for trains to reverse in.

1967 Mar  4   BR runs last Matlock–Buxton (Midland) local passenger service, freight traffic having already been withdrawn.

1967 Mar  4   BR LMR (sic.) runs last ‘Cambrian Coast Express’, bringing an end to standard-gauge steam on the Cambrian lines (Standard class 4 75033 up and 75021 down) and through working from Paddington beyond Birmingham. Last steam working over ex-GWR lines Wolverhampton–Birkenhead Mar 5.

1967 Mar  5   BR Conington South accident, East Coast Main Line: express derailed at speed on points following deliberate action by signalman (5 killed).

1967 Mar  6   BR LMR inaugurates full timetabled electric passenger service Rugby–Stafford via Birmingham.

1967 Mar  6   BR WR starts Reading–Heathrow Airport Road Train coach link service.

1967 Mar  6   BR ER introduces Paytrains on all Norwich Division branch lines with conductor-guards and unstaffed stations (Shelford–Sudbury closed from this date).

1967 Mar  6   BR ER opens New Pudsey station, first deliberately located to attract motorists (from Bradford and Leeds).

1967 Mar  6   Pullman division fully merged into BR Catering.

1967 Mar  7   First X-way Crossing, High Street, Lincoln, experimental predecessor of the Pelican.

1967 Mar 17   Rebuilt Victoria Bridge over Thames at Datchet opened, part paid for by BR.

1967 Mar 18   Torrey Canyon disaster: supertanker on charter to BP runs aground on Seven Stones reef off Cornwall due to navigational error on passage Kuwait–Milford Haven, the world’s first major oil spill.

1967 Mar 20   BR inaugurates electric passenger services on remaining section of Isle of Wight railway, Ryde Pier Head–Shanklin, using 3rd rail and ex-London ‘Standard’ Tube stock, the first MU fleet entirely in rail blue.

1967 Mar 26   Narrow Boat Owners Club holds its first meeting & rally, Stoke Bruerne.

1967 Mar 27   (wef) CIÉ closes Mallow–Waterford line, its last major rail closure.

1967 Mar 31   BR Railway Technical Centre, Derby, officially opens: Minister of Transport announces Advanced Passenger Train (APT) project.

1967 Apr –      Cadbury’s send last canal traffic from Bournville (to Regent’s Canal Dock).

1967 Apr  1–Jun 11  BR progressively singles most of Salisbury–Exeter line, introducing tokenless block signalling.

1967 Apr  1    BR operates Sheep Pasture incline, Cromford & High Peak Railway, for final time, its last cable-worked incline. Most remaining sections of C&HPR close progressively during year up to 21 Nov.

1967 Apr  1    Installation of seatbelts compulsory in new cars.

1967 Apr  2    Last day of steam operation to Lymington (41312, subsequently preserved), the last BR fully steam-worked branch.

1967 Apr  2    BRS creates Containerway & Roadferry Ltd from Anglo Continental Container Services (London) Ltd and British Road Ferry Services Ltd.

1967 Apr 10   THC’s Tartan Arrow London–Glasgow container operation with trunking by BR.

1967 Apr 17   Ulsterbus Ltd (Werner Heubeck, managing director) takes over bus operations from UTA. (Some services in Lurgan and Portrush areas transferred respectively to Sureline Coaches Ltd and Coastal Bus Services Ltd.)

1967 Apr 21   Transport Act (Northern Ireland).

1967 Apr 24   First production Britten-Norman Islander flies.

1967 May–1968 Mar  CIÉ implements school bus system to provide 56.5K secondary school pupils with free transport, for Department of Education (230 new Bedford buses acquired for service). Main implementation Sep 4.

1967 May –     British Railways: Network for Development plans: define lines as either profitable or socially necessary (the latter usually in urban areas). (Plan for Scotland issued Mar.)

1967 May –     BR Derby Works completes its last new locomotive, D7677.

1967 May –     BR begins to place into store class 14 0-6-0DH trip working locomotives (built Swindon Jul 1964–Oct 1965) prior to sale into industry Dec 1967–Nov 1969.

1967 May  1   Rebuilt BR Leeds (City) station fully operational (planned 1959).

1967 May  1   BR ScR closes 64A St Margarets (Edinburgh) locomotive shed.

1967 May  1   GPO begins national introduction of postcodes, Croydon.

1967 May  5   M4 Crindau (Brynglas) Tunnels, Newport By-pass, open, the first bored motorway tunnels.

1967 May  5   First all-British satellite, UK3 (Ariel 3), launched by NASA Scout rocket from Vandenberg AFB, California.

1967 May  6   BR officially opens rebuilt Birmingham New Street station with major air rights development in partnership with Norwich Union Insurance.

1967 May 27  BWB officially reopens Stourbridge Canal, Staffs & Worcs Canal Society volunteer labour having assisted in the restoration of the Wordsley 16 locks (NB Beatty).

1967 May 27  Glasgow Corporation runs its last trolleybuses. They are replaced by Leyland Atlanteans.

1967 May 30  BR operates Royal Train with steam for the last time, conveying the Duke of Edinburgh to Nidd Bridge (45562).

1967 Jun –     Dover Strait Traffic Separation Scheme (“keep right”) for ships traversing English Channel inaugurated (voluntary at this time).

1967 Jun  3–1971 Sep 25  Isle of Man Railway reopens for seasonal tourist services under lease by David Kennedy, 7th Marquess of Ailsa (Sir Philip Wombwell, manager, 1967).

1967 Jun  3    Perpignan air disaster: Air Ferry DC-4 G-APYK on charter flight from Manston to Perpignan crashes into Mount Canigou, probably because crew overcome by heater fumes (all 88 killed).

1967 Jun  4    Stockport air disaster: British Midland Canadair C4 Argonaut G-ALHG on charter flight from Palma de Mallorca crashes on approach to Manchester Airport due to loss of engine power because of fuel system design flaw (72 killed).

1967 Jun  5    BR ScR withdraws its last steam locomotives, J36 class 0-6-0s (ex-NBR) 65288 (from 62C Dunfermline shed) & 65345 (from 62A Thornton Junction shed, Fife), the last internal steam diagrams having been worked on Apr 30.

1967 Jun  5–1975 Jun 10  Suez Canal closed to shipping from outbreak of Six Day War (four British ships are among the “yellow fleet” trapped).

1967 Jun  6    Last BR steam working into Scotland, 20.32 Carlisle–Perth, taken over by Type 2 diesels.

1967 Jun 12   CIÉ introduces 24 hr clock in public timetables.

1967 Jun 14   Lochty Private Railway opens for visitors as a preserved steam-worked line, first heritage railway in Scotland. Passengers first hauled 23 Jun 1968; last operates 8 Sep 1991.

1967 Jun 26   UTA issues first timetable under title ‘Northern Ireland Railways’ (and with 24 hr clock).

1967 Jun 29   Normandy Ferries begins operation Southampton–Le Havre, jointly owned by General Steam Navigation (P&O) and SAGA (SA de Gerame et d’Armencent), with MV Dragon.

1967 Jul  8     BR SR operates last tank locomotives in passenger service: 07.18 Waterloo–Salisbury (82029) and Southampton Central–Eastern Docks (80152).

1967 Jul  9     BR SR operates its last steam trains (the last steam-hauled express services on BR and the last into a London terminus): ‘MN’ Pacific 35030 (Elder-Dempster Lines) hauls final steam service into Waterloo (14.07 ex Weymouth). BR Standard 3MT 2-6-0 77014 hauls final steam service, evening Bournemouth–Poole parcels. Final up boat train hauled by 34021 Dartmoor; final ‘Bournemouth Belle’ Pullman service hauled by D1924 (last steam-hauled Jul 5 by 34036 Westward Ho). Weymouth becomes the last ex-GWR locomotive shed to close to standard gauge steam.

1967 Jul 10    BR inaugurates full electric services Waterloo–Bournemouth with Weymouth portions worked forward in push-pull mode with class 33/1 diesel locomotives. ‘MN’ Pacific 35028 Clan Line is purchased by Merchant Navy Locomotive Preservation Society.

1967 Jul 27    Road Traffic Regulation Act: consolidation. “MoT” extended to 3 years.

1967 Jul 28    Steelmaking industry renationalised as British Steel Corporation, under terms of Iron & Steel Act.

1967 Jul 31    BR Thirsk accident: express collides with derailed freight (7 killed; prototype locomotive DP2 written off).

1967 Aug –     New BR wages grade staff pension scheme inaugurated.

1967 Aug –     Ship Towage (London) Ltd’s Racia broken up, last steam tug to work commercially on the Thames.

1967 Aug  1   Start of motor vehicle registration year moved from Jan 1.

1967 Aug  2   GLC opens new Blackwall Tunnel to (northbound) road traffic.

1967 Aug 14  BR Willesden Freightliner terminal opens.

1967 Aug 25  P. & A. Campbell (White Funnel)’s PS Bristol Queen runs final full excursion in Bristol Channel, the last true pleasure steamer (with reciprocating steam engine) commercially operating in England or Wales. The following day she hits debris off the south Wales coast and is withdrawn from service.

1967 Sep –     US Postal Service announces cancellation of principal rail contracts.

1967 Sep  1   P&O revives dormant Grand Union (Shipping) Ltd as European Unit Routes Ltd to charter ships for Tilbury–Low Countries container services (continues to Apr 1976).

1967 Sep  3   Dagen H: Sweden changes from driving on the left to the right.

1967 Sep  4   BR officially closes Nottingham Victoria station from this date.

1967 Sep  4   70 mph (112 km/h) speed limit made permanent (includes permission for HGVs on motorways). (Between 1974 and 1977 Regulations reduce speed limit to 60 mph on dual carriageways and 50 mph on single carriageway roads.)

1967 Sep  6   Supertanker Myrina for Deutsche Shell launched from the Musgrave Yard slipway at Harland & Wolff in Belfast, the largest ship built in the UK to this date at 193,048 summer dwt.

1967 Sep  7   Ministry of Transport issues White Paper British Waterways: recreation and amenity.

1967 Sep  9   BR closes sheds at North Blythe, Sunderland, Tyne Dock and West Hartlepool, ending last steam locomotive operations (on coal traffic) in (former) NER (?Oct 1) and bringing withdrawal of last 0-6-0 locomotives (ex-LNER) from service, a type used in the North East for 140 years.

1967 Sep 18  Dock labour decasualised.

1967 Sep 27  Cunard liner Queen Mary completes her last Atlantic crossing.

1967 Oct –      BR LMR Westhouses shed (16G) closes and BR’s last working standard-gauge tank locomotives are withdrawn (3 x 3Fs and J94 68012).

1967 Oct –      Willow Wren ceases direct canal carrying in the south and closes its Braunston boatyard. BW repossesses its leased boats 1968.

1967 Oct early–Nov 27 Unofficial London dock strike.

1967 Oct  2    BR/SNCF introduce train ferry service Harwich–Dunkerque, using MV Norfolk Ferry.

1967 Oct  2    Oxfordshire Ironstone Co. Ltd ceases to operate workmen’s trains (using goods brake van) at its Wroxton quarries from this date following their closure, perhaps the last such civilian standard-gauge service.

1967 Oct  6    NCB North Derbyshire Area begins operation of Williamthorpe Colliery by its own diesels, replacing hired BR steam locomotives.

1967 Oct  8    80 mg alcohol/100 ml blood limit for drivers introduced, under terms of Road Safety Act May 10. First breathalyser test administered at Flax Bourton on same day.

1967 Oct 14   Samuel Ledgard (bus operator), Leeds acquired by West Yorkshire Road Car.

1967 Oct 23   GPO introduces first postbus in England, Honiton–Dunkeswell (service last operates 2 Jan 2004).

1967 Oct 23   Hay Hamilton Ltd’s Scottish puffer SS Invercloy (1934) arrives at Dalmuir for breaking up, last coaster working commercially under steam.

1967 Oct 28   Meeting to establish British Aircraft Preservation Council held at Derby.

1967 Oct 30   West Riding Automobile Co., the largest independent bus operator, sold to THC.

1967 Nov –     Holy War ceases work on Penrhydd Bach level, Dinorwic, the last narrow gauge ‘Quarry Hunslet’ steam locomotive operating in the Welsh slate industry.

1967 Nov –     Preserved ex-LNER Pacific 4472 Flying Scotsman becomes only privately-owned steam locomotive authorised to work excursions on BR, exercised in first instance until 31 Aug 1969.

1967 Nov  4   BR runs last trains to Birkenhead Woodside.

1967 Nov  4   Great Western Society moves into Didcot depot (from Taplow).

1967 Nov  4   Blackdown air accident: Iberia Caravelle EC-BDD on Flight 062 from Malaga to Heathrow flies into Blackdown Hill, Fernhurst, Sussex (all 37 killed).

1967 Nov  5   BR Hither Green accident: DEMU 1007 derailed at speed by broken rail (49 killed).

1967 Nov  8   First BBC local radio station, Radio Leicester.

1967 Nov 11  Willow Wren make last run from Sideway Colliery, Stoke, to Henry Seddon & Sons Ltd’s saltworks, Middlewich, Trent & Mersey Canal, using leased BW (ex-FMC) motor boat Tench (subsequently preserved), the last regular commercial long-distance traffic on the north west narrow canals. Anderton Canal Carrying Co. (Alan Galley) set up to handle remaining traffic.

1967 Nov 22  BET bus companies sold to THC.

1967 Nov 27  GPO opens first Pulse Code Modulation digital trunk route between Sunbury on Thames and Faraday (London) telephone exchanges.

1967 Dec –     BR ER withdraws its last steam locomotive, Peppercorn K1 class 2-6-0 62005, subsequently preserved.

1967 Dec –     BR’s first drive-through car ferry, MV Antrim Princess, enters service on Stranraer–Larne crossing.

1967 Dec –     Forth Ports Authority established as a public trust under terms of Forth Harbour Reorganisation Scheme, merging Burntisland, Grangemouth and Methil (from BTDB), Granton (private), Kirkcaldy (burgh) and Leith (trust).

1967 Dec ?    Coast Lines last offer passenger accommodation on Liverpool (East Trafalgar Dock)–London (East India Dock) shipping service in MVs Pacific Coast and Hibernian Coast.

1967 Dec  1   Anderton Carrying Co. revived by Alan Galley.

1967 Dec  2   BR MV Sea Freightliner I launched by J. Readhead (Swan Hunter), South Shields, first cellular container ship built.

1967 Dec  2–3   New York Central Railroad operates ‘20th Century Limited’ for last time, New York–Chicago.

1967 Dec 14  Northern Ireland Transport Holding Co. established, under terms of Transport Act (NI); begins operations 5 Apr 1968.

1967 Dec 14  BR ceases (freight) traffic over Walnut Tree Viaduct, Glam.

1967 Dec 30  BR operates last through Oxford–Cambridge passenger service.

1967 Dec 30  BR withdraws last GWR-design general service passenger coaches.

1967 Dec 31  BR LMR closes steam shed at 12A Carlisle Kingmoor, ending long-distance steam main line working.

1967              Bus crew strikes during the year at Southend and Middlesbrough, targeting leading members of the Municipal Transport Association.

1967 — –         BR National Traction Plan to eliminate non-standard locomotive classes.

1967 — –         BR introduces first axle counters for train detection, at Glasgow Queen Street.

1967 — –         BR InterCity runs its first television advertising campaign, ‘Heart to heart’.

1967 — –         GPO withdraws BR’s free telegraph facility.

1967 — –         David Curwen builds first miniature 2-8-2 to Rio Grande K36 design (7¼ in. gauge 487 for J. Brian Hollingsworth).

1967 — –         English Electric supplies first batch of class 1400 diesel-electric locomotives from its Vulcan Foundry to Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses, its first mainline diesel export order for continental Europe.

1967 — –         James J.W. Whyte retires as general manager, Londonderry & Lough Swilly Railway Co. (bus operator) having served since May 1931 (and on the staff since 1910).

1967 — –         Government White Paper on Nationalised Industries.

1967 — –         Regulations permit full one person operation of double-deck buses.

1967 — –         “MoT” test now to apply to road vehicles of 3 years old.

1967 — –         Texaco takes full control of Regent Oil Co. (set up 1947) and begins to phase out the brand.

1967 — –         Extensive pedestrianisation introduced in Norwich.

1967 — –         CSP (Irish Services) ferries reregistered to BRB.

1967 — –         Liberia overtakes Britain as the flag carrier with the largest merchant shipping fleet.

1967 — –         Holt’s Glen Line commissions its last (Super P (Priam) class) cargo liner Radnorshire.

1967 — –         MS Result with auxiliary ketch rig ceases trading commercially; hull subsequently preserved.

25th anniversaries

1992 Jan –     BR InterCity offers free seat reservations to 1st class passengers.

1992 Jan –     National Welsh Omnibus Services Ltd goes into administrative receivership. Most former Red & White services purchased by Western Travel Feb; last operations (from Barry) Jul.

1992 Jan  1    Start of progressive introduction of Euro 1 European emission standards for motor vehicles, under terms of Council directive 91/441/EEC of 26 Jun 1991.

1992 Jan 19   BR NSE takes delivery of initial class 465 Networker EMUs, 465/0 from BREL York Works.

1992 Jan 27   BR NSE satellite-based passenger information system trialled on LT&S line.

1992 Jan 31   B+I Line sold to Irish Continental Group by Irish government. Its first superferry, Isle of Inisfree (I), is introduced initially on Rosslare–Pembroke route during year.

1992 Feb –     Government deregulates provision of motorway service areas: minimum distance between reduced from 25 to 15 miles under special circumstances; applicants must prove need; otherwise regular planning procedures apply. Government will also sell some leaseholds of existing sites.

1992 Feb –     Norfolk Line (A.P. Møller – Mærsk Group, shipping company) moves UK terminal from Great Yarmouth to Felixstowe. In Apr, places large order for innovative lightweight lorry trailers with rear doors replaced by tilts.

1992 Feb  7   Army makes official last run of a steam locomotive, Austerity 0-6-0ST 98 Royal Engineer (subsequently preserved) at Long Marston.

1992 Feb 28   London Bridge station bombing, BR: IRA bomb detonated (29 injured).

1992 Mar –     ABB takes majority shareholding in BREL, which becomes ABB Transportation Ltd.

1992 Mar 16   Transport & Works Act introduces new legislative procedure for infrastructure construction.

1992 Mar 23   Forth Ports floated on stock market.

1992 Mar 26   EEC Regulation 881 on access to the market in the carriage of goods by road provides for community authorisation (issued by member states) for international hauliers.

1992 Apr –      Road coaches to have 70 mph (112 km/h) speed limiters fitted by this date.

1992 Apr c.    AA Buses passes to sole control of Dodds of Troon by buyout of the other remaining co-operative partner, Young’s of Ayr.

1992 Apr  1    DLR ownership transfers from LRT to London Docklands Development Corporation.

1992 Apr  6    BR begins full OFQ operations with new profit centres fully operative, including Trainload Freight and Railfreight Distribution, and remaining Regions abolished.

1992 Apr  6    Manchester Metrolink Light Rapid Transit system opens for public service over first stage to Bury, on former heavy rail formation (closed for conversion 1991). Vehicles built by Ansaldo Trasporti.

1992 Apr 10   BR Royal Train first runs onto a standard-gauge heritage railway, diesel-hauled on Torbay & Dartmouth line carrying Duke of Edinburgh Slough–Kingswear (BR InterCity 47 834 Fire Fly, subsequently preserved).

1992 Apr 11   John MacGregor (Con.) appointed to replace Malcolm Rifkind as Secretary of State for Transport (until 20 Jul 1994); Steve Norris appointed first Minister for Transport in London May ?.

1992 Apr 14   Bluebell Railway extends for regular tourist traffic through Sharpthorne Tunnel (731 yds/665 m), longest on a heritage line.

1992 Apr 27   Manchester Metrolink second stage Manchester Victoria–G Mex opens, the first street running Light Rapid Transit route.

1992 May c.   Palletline plc established jointly by consortium of carriers to provide a British Isles road distribution network for palletised consignments.

1992 May  6   Queen’s speech announces rail privatisation.

1992 May  6   BR sets world speed record for underfloor engine DMU, Glasgow Queen Street–Edinburgh, 107 mph (171 km/h) (Express Sprinters 158 708/710).

1992 May 11  Stagecoach Rail leases and markets coaches on BR Aberdeen–Euston overnight service. Continues to Nov 1; joint marketing arrangement ceases 1 Oct 1993.

1992 May 18  Fire at Strathclyde Buses’ Larkfield depot destroys 60 vehicles.

1992 Jun –     Richard Branson opens discussions about possibility of Virgin Group operating InterCity services.

1992 Jun –     Carryfast Ltd sold to United Parcel Service of US as the basis of a UK branch.

1992 Jun –     Thomas Cook sold by HSBC to Westdeutsche Landesbank/Lufttransport-Unternehmen GmbH.

1992 Jun  1    Demon Internet becomes first Internet Service Provider.

1992 Jun  3–14  Rio Earth Summit.

1992 Jul –       Vodafone launches first 900 MHz GSM mobile phone network.

1992 Jul 14    Government White Papers on rail privatisation and London bus deregulation.

1992 Jul 28    Union Railways established to build Channel Tunnel Rail Link.

1992 Aug 27  Charterail goes into liquidation.

1992 Sep 12/13 First preserved electric locomotive to haul passenger services on BR, E5001 on Network SouthEast (Waterloo–Bournemouth).

1992 Sep 25  Rhine–Main–Danube waterway opens throughout.

1992 Sep 28  BR restores passenger services to Maesteg.

1992 later –    BA withdraws from Irish flights following price-cutting by Ryanair.

1992 Oct  8    Honda of the UK Manufacturing Ltd produces first complete (Accord) car off new Swindon factory production line.

1992 Oct 19   LUL reopens Angel station with new (northbound) station tunnel and the British Isles’ highest vertical-rise escalators (upper bank, 27.4 m (90 ft) rise; 60 m (197 ft) long; CNIM type).

1992 Oct 23   Irish Traction Group takes delivery of C class 226 from CIÉ, first Irish mainline diesel locomotive sold for preservation.

1992 Oct end?  BR closes Glasgow Eastfield diesel depot, Springburn.

1992 Nov –     LBL trials ‘Countdown’ bus stop dot matrix displays giving waiting times.

1992 Nov –     University of Hertfordshire (Hatfield) begins Universitybus operations.

1992 Nov 23  Dan-Air sold for nominal consideration to BA, becoming British Airways (European Operations at Gatwick) Ltd.

1992 Nov 28/9   BR NSE closes Tilbury Riverside station (electrified). Occasional Fenchurch Street EMU boat train services operated up to this month.

1992 Nov–Dec  National Express Group plc floated as public company.

1992 Dec –     BR InterCity creates Overnight Services management unit by merger of Sleeper and Motorail.

1992 Dec –     Merseyside Transport sold by Merseyside PTE to MEBO.

1992 Dec  3   First SMS text message sent, to Vodaphone mobile.

1992 Dec 10  British Bus plc acquires Drawlane Ltd bus holding company following MBO.

1992 Dec14   First Channel Tunnel Shuttle Tri-Bo locomotive delivered from Brush Traction to Coquelles depot, Calais, most powerful class at 5.6 mW (7510 hp).

1992 end –     Nissan Motor Manufacturing UK produces first Micra (K11) car off Washington (Sunderland) factory production line. 2.3M will be built up to 16 Jul 2010.

1992 — –         Aberfeldy Golf Club bridge (63 m (207 ft) cable-stayed; Guy Maunsell & Partners, engineers) is world’s first long span of composite materials.